diabetes in pregnancy

Diabetes in pregnancy – Gestational diabetes

Agar apko pahle se Diabetes hai ya phir pregnancy ke time par ye bimari ho gai hai. toh bhi aap sahi treatment, diet aur regular exercise se aap khud ko aur hone wale baby ko safe rakh sakti hai.

Diabetes ek aisi situation hai , jisme body enough insulin nahi bana pati hai. ya phir normaly insulin ka use nahi kar pati hai. insulin ek tarah ka hormone hai. jo blood me glucose ko body cells me fuel ki tarah use karne me help karta hai. Gestational diabetes , pregnancy ke time par hone wali diabetes hai. dusre type ki diabetes ki tarah ye bhi high blood sugar ki wajah se hoti hai. jo pregnant lady aur hone wale baby dono ke lie harmful hai.

Symptoms and cause of gestational diabetes

Kuch female me  pregnancy se pahle se hi diabetes ki bimari hoti hai. jise pre gestational diabetes kahte hai. pregnancy ke time par hone wale diabetes ko gestational diabetes kahte hai. pregnancy me female ki body me glucose ke use hone ka level change ho jata hai. jis wajah se female ko  gestational diabetes ho sakti hai. pregnancy ke time par Placenta baby ko nutrition aur oxygen deta hai. placenta bhi hormone banati hai. aise me agar kisi female ko blurr vision, tiredness, zyada pyaas lagna, bar bar urine ana,weight kam hona , ya vegina ya urin ya skin me kisi bhi tarah ka infection nazar aae toh apne doctor se zarur consult kare. gestational diabetes me treatment ke sath sugar ke intake ko limited rakhna chahiye. gestational diabetes ke kai reasion ho sakte hai – jaise – 25 year se zyada age, motapa, genetic history etc.

Test hai zaruri –

Gestational diabetes ka test pregnancy me zarur kiya jata hai. is test ka sabse tez tareeka glucose challenge test hai. isme patient ko ek sugar drink yani glucose peene ko diya jata hai. phir 1 se 2 ghante baad sugar test kiya jata hai. iske result ke according OGTT yani original glucose tolerence test kiya ja sakta hai. gestational diabetes ke lie apko zyada bar insulin ke injection ki zarurat hogi kyuki blood sugar level zyada kam hone se ye jaanleva bhi ho sakta hai. sath hi second pregnancy me gestational diabetes hone ke chances bhi badh jate hai. jinhe pahle se hi diabetes hota hai un female me miscarriage, high blood pressure, premature delivery hone ka khatra badh jata hai. sath hi hone wale baby ko zyada weight, heart deffect , neural tube me pareshani , low blood sugar, respiratory problem, ya joindice jaisi pareshaniya ho sakti hai. 

Treatment and home remedies –

Pregnancy ke pahle aur pregnancy ke time par hamesha active rahe aur weight check karati rahe. walk kare. dietitian se salah lekar high protien wali diet le. carbohydrate limited quantity me le. fiber se bharpoor , fat aur low calorie wali diet le. regular exercise kare. regular exercise karne ke do hafte baad phir se sugar test karae . agar tab bhi sugar normal nahi hai toh anti – diabetic dawae ya insulin doctor ke consult ke baad li ja sakti hai. mother aur baby dono ko hi anti natel checkup ki zarurat hoti hai. kabhi kabhi isme liver function test bhi kiye jate hai kyuki sugar ki wajah se ye sust ho sakta hai jo fetus ke development ko effect kar sakta hai. ye bhi yaad rakkhe ki baby ke born hone ke baad bhi  diabetes ka khatra bana rahta hai. islie delivery ke 6 week bad phir se sugar test zarur kara le. . kuch females ko type 2 diabetes hone ka khatra hota hai. aise me 1 year sugar test bhi zarur karae.

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